Culture...

The Cora People...

The Cora, are an indigenous ethnic group of Western Central Mexico which live in the municipality El Nayar in the Mexican state of Nayarit and in a few settlements in the neighboring state of Jalisco. They call themselves náayerite, whence the name of the present day Mexican state of Nayarit. The 2000 Mexican census reported that there were 24,390 persons who were members of Cora speaking households. The Cora cultivate maize, beans, and amaranth and they raise some cattle. They live in the rugged mountain and canyon country of Nayarit and across the border in neighboring JaliscoDurango, and Zacatecas. In the early 18th century they were an anomaly in that they had never permitted Catholic missionaries to live in their country. They had become a pagan island in a sea of Christian Indians and Hispanic culture. In 1716, a Spanish expedition attempted to bring the Cora under Spanish control, it failed. However, in 1722, the Spanish returned in force and the Cora yielded, but can still be found in Nayarit.

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The Huichol People...

The Huichol or Wixáritari are Native Mexicans, living in the Sierra Madre Occidental range in the Mexican states of NayaritJaliscoZacatecas, and Durango. They are best known to the larger world as the Huichol, however, they refer to themselves as Wixáritari ("the people") in their native Huichol language. 

The Huichol claim that they originated in the state of San Luis Potosí, but later migrated westward to the parts of Sierra of Nayarit.  

Once yearly, some Huichol journey back to their ancestral homeland to perform "Mitote" ceremonies.   "This ancient tribe is located deep in the mountains of central Mexico...they have lived here for at least 15,000 years according to carbon dating of the ashes from their sacred fireplaces."

The three main Huichol communities are called San Sebastián Teponohuastlan, Santa María Cuexcomatitlán and San Andrés Cohamiata.

Another Huichol community is Guadalupe Ocotán in Nayarit.  

However, only around 7,000 Wixáritari live in their homeland while some 13,000 have migrated to other places within Nayarit.

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